Over 140 new Nazca lines have been discovered in Peru, including petroglyphs of humanoid creatures.
The way they were found was interesting. A team from Yagamata University fed tons of aerial photography data into a system and an AI was trained to recognize the petroglyphs, which are often hard to recognize now because they are faint.
The surface of the desert around the area is mostly white sand but when the sand is moved, it is darker underneath. That allowed ancient people, living around 2,000 years ago to make different types of patterns in the vast desert sand.
Researchers consider the Nazca lines to be of two types, one is called type A which are linear and more geometric patterns that are larger than 50 meters and type B, which are more descriptive patterns involving more curved lines and are generally smaller than type A.
What are the Nazca lines?
The Nazca lines are mysterious lines drawn in the desert sands of Peru thousands of years ago. They are thought to have been created by the mysterious Nazca culture of the region, which flourished from about 100 BC to 800 AD. The culture was known for creating many unique types of art.
Perplexingly though, the lines are not clearly visible at all from the ground. in fact, the first Spanish conquistador to come across them was Pedro Cieza de León in 1553 and he thought that they were trail markers. He had no idea they formed large patterns.
In fact, during the ensuing 400 years from the time of the Spanish conquest until the time of commercial flight, nobody really knew they were there. They began to be reported by civilian pilots in the early 20th century.
In total, there are hundreds and hundreds of the glyphs or patterns. Many of them are simply vast geometric shapes while others are ornate, artistic creations.
Why were they made?
This has been the most difficult question to answer. Most researchers believe that some of the lines were ritualistic paths that people would walk for some sort of religious purpose. Others propose that the lines had some sort of astronomical significance, pointing toward star patterns or constellations. Some researchers have proposed that they were associated with finding water in the mountains, something that may have preoccupied the ancient culture since water is so scarce.
The problem though, as pointed out by Jim Woodmann, is that much like today, the glyphs are not visible other than from above the earth. While some glyphs can partially be seen from hill tops around the area, they are not seen as they are from straight above, where the perspective is undistorted from the intended pattern. If they were drawn while being observed from a hilltop, the perspective would have been skewed to the eye of the observer.
Jim Woodmann proposed that, because the culture was so advanced in textile manufacturing, they could have fashioned some sort of hot air balloon and used that as a way of supervising the creation of the glyphs as well as appreciating them. There is, however, no evidence currently that they possessed any knowledge of flight
The UFO Hypothesis
Any large scale mystery of the ancient world seems to have an extraterrestrial angle but the Nazca lines are so strange and enigmatic that they especially lend themselves to this explanation, mostly because of this glyph.
Known as The Giant, or in other circles as The Astronaut, the figure represents a humanoid figure waving back into the cosmos. The primitive design lends itself to an alien-like appearance.
Others have proposed that some of the glyphs could have represented runways for aircraft.
It is unclear if aliens visiting would even need runways but the amount of work done on some of the glyphs is astonishing.
We currently have no good working theory for the purpose of the Nazca lines and we have no written accounts from the area prior to the Spanish conquest. Until we have more information, we may never know the real reason they were made or the purpose they served but here’s to speculating!