Today in History – November 13

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1835 – Texas declares independence from Mexico and becomes its own country, the Lone Star Republic until admitted into the Union 10 years later.

1862 – Lewis Carroll begins Alice in Wonderland with the following entry in his diary, “Began writing the fairy-tale of Alice. I hope to finish it by Christmas.

1841 – James Braid discovers hypnotism after watching a demonstration of animal magnetism.

1887 – As marchers in London clash with police over unemployment in Ireland, violence breaks out and becomes known as Bloody Sunday.

1940 – Walt Disney releases Fantasia, instantly becoming famous for its use of creative animation mixed with classical music.

1956 – US Supreme Court rules separating buses by race in Alabama is Unconstitutional, ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott started by Rosa Parks.

1974 – Ronald DeFeo, Jr murders his entire family in Amityville, Long Island and the house becomes known as the Amityville Horror.

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